Techniques of remedial massage 

Myofascial trigger points 

What is a trigger point?

A trigger point is a focus of hyperirritability in a tissue that is locally tender when compressed and if sufficiently tender refers to pain in a particular pattern that is similar in all clients. It is thought that pain is initiated when the trigger point area is stimulated by stressors like cold, postural distortions, and emotional stress which set up a self-perpetuating pain cycle that long outlasts the initiating stimulus.

What causes trigger points?

A number of theories have been proposed to explain possible causes of myofascial trigger points. However, the pathogenesis of myofascial pain syndrome remains unclear. The pain cycle may be initiated by any stimulus that acts directly or indirectly on the area containing the trigger points. The trigger points are activated when these trigger events combine with other predisposing factors as below:

  • mechanical stresses

  • nutritional inadequacies

  • metabolic and endocrine inadequacies

  • psychological factors 

  • chronic infection

  • allergy 

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Deep Tissue

Deep tissue massage is also named as with-fiber frictions or deep longitudinal stripping. The basic stroke is performed parallele to the muscle fibres in the direction of venous flow. The therapist use fingers, thumbs, palms, loose fists, forearms or elbows, depending upon the location and the depth required.

The benefits of DT:

  • relief of congestion and swelling

  • relief of muscle spasm

  • acceleration of lymph and blood flwo

  • localised stretching

  • inactivation of trigger points

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Cross fibre friction(XFF)

It is a technique that may be performed as part of a swedish massage routine. A lubricant allows the fingers or palms to glide across the skin surface. XFF is angled across the muscle fibres, rather than along them. Pressure varies accoding toe the needs of individual clients.

It usually could:

  • separate and broaden muscle fibres

  • reduce tension in the muscle

  • improve or preserve relative mobility of muscle and connective tissue

 

 

 

 

 

Deep transverse friction(DTF)

This technique could be beneficial for:

  • separation of adhesions and broadening of muscle tissue

  • analgesia, possibly by activation of the pain gate mechanism or by enhancement of circulation to the area

  • stimulation of fibroblastic activity in cases of tendinosis

Sports Injury
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Myofascial Release

Myofascial release is a type of physical therapy often used to treat myofascial pain syndrome. Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic pain disorder caused by sensitivity and tightness in your myofascial tissues. These tissues surround and support the muscles throughout your body. The pain usually originates from specific points within your myofascial tissues called “trigger points

It particular, myofascial release aims to:

  • lengthen contracted tissue

  • reduce fascial adhesions

  • increase range of motion

  • decrease compartment pressure

  • restore elasticity

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Swedish Massage(Relaxation)

Swedish massage involves long, kneading strokes combined with rhythmic tapping strokes and movement of the joints.

This type of massage targets the uppermost layer of muscles and aims to relieve muscle tension.

The four most common strokes used in Swedish massage are:

  • Effleurage: smooth, gliding strokes to relax soft tissue

  • Petrissage: squeezing, rolling, or kneading

  • Friction: deep, circular movements to increase blood flow and break down scar tissue

  • Tapotement: tapping with cupped hands, fingers, or the edge of the hand

Many people use Swedish massage just to relax. It can also be used to help with physical conditions and has been shown to help relieve pain, stress, and muscle tension. Sportspeople may have a Swedish massage before they compete to help them perform at their best.

Swedish massage can also be used to help people cope better with illnesses such as cancerheart disease, stomach problems, fibromyalgia and lower back pain. If you plan to use Swedish massage for any health condition, talk to your doctor first.

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